Self-Reported Nutritional Status and Breakfast Characterization in Latin American University Students

Silvana Saavedra Clarke, Solange Parra-Soto, Gabriela Murillo, Valeria Carpio-Arias, Leslie Landaeta-Díaz, Edna J. Nava-González, Israel Ríos-Castillo, Beatriz Elizabeth Nuñez-Martínez, Georgina Gómez, Jacqueline Araneda-Flores, Brian M. Cavagnari, Gladys Morales, Eliana Romina Meza Miranda, Jhon Jairo Bejarano-Roncancio, Saby Mauricio-Alza, Karla Cordón-Arrivillaga, Samuel Durán-Agüero*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Objective: To associate breakfast consumption frequency with self-reported nutritional status and dietary patterns of Latin American university students by human development. Material and methods: This was a cross-sectional, multicenter observational study. University students from 11 Latin American countries (Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Mexico, Peru, Paraguay, Panama and Uruguay) were invited to participate by answering an online self-administered questionnaire on food consumption and sociodemographic indicators, associations were investigated using logistic regression. Results: The logistic regression analysis showed significant associations between breakfast consumption and the crude model, models 2 and 3 in countries with very high and upper-middle/high human development. However, after adjustment in the most comprehensive model, the association is no longer statistically significant. In the fully adjusted model of the variables, a significant relationship was observed between breakfast consumption and both healthy and unhealthy dietary patterns. Specifically, students who typically consume breakfast exhibit greater consumption of oatmeal and fruits, as well as healthier dinner choices. Conversely, they exhibit lower consumption of fast food, sugary drinks, and juices. In particular, in highly developed countries, along with the mentioned foods, consumption of dairy was linked to breakfast consumption in a positive way, while alcohol consumption was negatively associated. Conclusion: University students who eat breakfast on a regular basis maintain a healthier diet in comparison to those who do not, irrespective of their country’s level of human development.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)252-260
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónJournal of the American Nutrition Association
Volumen43
N.º3
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2024

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 American Nutrition Association.

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Nutrición y dietética
  • Medicina (miscelánea)
  • Medicina General

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