Not a dream wedding: The hidden nexus between gender discrimination, climate change and child marriage

Roberto Arturo Pasten Carrasco, Eugenio B. Figueroa

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Could climate change and child marriage be related? At first, it may seem unlikely, but
if we consider the impact of climate change on poverty and income, the connection
becomes more plausible. In this paper we use a structural equation model to
investigate this relationship. Our results indicate that increased "climate vulnerability,"
as measured by the ND-GAIN index, is associated with both a direct increase in child
marriage and indirect increases due to higher poverty and gender inequality. However,
since climate vulnerability is highly correlated with national economics, it is possible
that poverty is the underlying factor behind both child marriage and climate
vulnerability itself. When we replaced climate vulnerability with climate exposure (a
variable based solely on the biophysics of climate change), our results remained
largely consistent. This supports our model's premise that climate change primarily
affects child marriage through its impacts on access to resources and income, which in
turn affect the main drivers of child marriage: extreme poverty and gender inequality.
Our findings have broader implications, as it is likely that several negative social
outcomes of climate change work through similar mechanisms, i.e., an indirect impact
of climate change on social variables mediated through its previous effects on
economic variables. Finally, our study highlights some implications for cost-benefit
analyses of climate change.
Idioma originalEspañol (Chile)
Número de páginas30
PublicaciónEnvironment, Development and Sustainability
EstadoPresentada - 2023

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Economía, econometría y finanzas (todo)
  • Gestión, supervisión, políticas y leyes

Citar esto