hsa-miR-424–5p and hsa-miR-513c-3p dysregulation mediated by IFN-γ is associated with salivary gland dysfunction in Sjögren's syndrome patients

Patricia Carvajal, Sergio Aguilera, Daniela Jara, Sebastián Indo, María José Barrera, Sergio González, Claudio Molina, Benjamín Heathcote, Marcela Hermoso, Isabel Castro*, María Julieta González*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Salivary secretory dysfunction in SS-patients is associated with altered proteostasis, upregulation of ATF6α and components of the ERAD complex, such as SEL1L, and downregulation of XBP-1s and GRP78. Hsa-miR-424–5p is downregulated and hsa-miR-513c-3p is overexpressed in salivary glands from SS-patients. These miRNAs emerged as candidates that could regulate ATF6/SEL1L and XBP-1s/GRP78 levels, respectively. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of IFN-γ on hsa-miR-424–5p and hsa-miR-513c-3p expression and how these miRNAs regulate their targets. In labial salivary glands (LSG) biopsies from 9 SS-patients and 7 control subjects and IFN-γ-stimulated 3D-acini were analyzed. hsa-miR-424–5p and hsa-miR-513c-3p levels were measured by TaqMan assays and their localization by ISH. mRNA, protein levels, and localization of ATF6, SEL1L, HERP, XBP-1s and GRP78 were determined by qPCR, Western blot, or immunofluorescence. Functional and interaction assays were also performed. In LSGs from SS-patients and IFN-γ-stimulated 3D-acini, hsa-miR-424–5p was downregulated and ATF6α and SEL1L were upregulated. ATF6α and SEL1L were decreased after hsa-miR-424–5p overexpression, while ATF6α, SEL1L and HERP increased after hsa-miR-424–5p silencing. Interaction assays revealed that hsa-miR-424–5p targets ATF6α directly. hsa-miR-513c-3p was upregulated and XBP-1s and GRP78 were downregulated. XBP-1s and GRP78 were decreased after hsa-miR-513c-3p overexpression, while increases in XBP-1s and GRP78 were observed after hsa-miR-513c-3p silencing. Furthermore, we determined that hsa-miR-513c-3p targets XBP-1s directly. Significant correlations were found between both miRNA levels and clinical parameters. In conclusion, IFN-γ-dependent hsa-miR-424–5p and hsa-miR-513c-3p levels affect the expression of important factors involved in cellular proteostasis that control secretory function in LSG from SS-patients.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo103037
PublicaciónJournal of Autoimmunity
Volumen138
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2023

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Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Inmulogía y alergología
  • Inmunología

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