Factors associated with cognitive impairment in Latin American older adults: A cross-sectional observational study of COVID-19 confinement

Miguel Ramos-Henderson, Marcio Soto-Añari, Jorge Herrera-Pino, María F. Porto, Loida Camargo, Heike Hesse, Robert Ferrel-Ortega, Cesar Quispe-Ayala, Claudia García de la Cadena, Neyda Mendoza-Ruvalcaba, Nicole Caldichoury, Cesar Castellanos, Claudia Varón, Dolores Aguilar, Regulo Antezana, Juan Martinez, Norbel Román, Carolina Boza, Alejandro Ducassou, Carol SaldíasNorman López*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

INTRODUCTION: The effects of COVID-19 confinement have been severe, espe-cially in older adults. Therefore, we analyzed the factors associated with cognitive impairment (CI) in Latin America (LA). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study with a total of 5245 older adults from 10 countries in LA. Measurement: We used the Telephone Montreal Cognitive Assessment (T-MoCA) and the Eight-item Informant Interview to Differentiate Aging and Dementia (AD8) scale. RESULTS: We found that age, depressive symptomatology, bone fractures, being wid-owed, having a family member with dementia, and unemployment were associated with an increased risk of CI. In contrast, higher education, hypertension with contin-uous treatment, quarantine, and keeping stimulating cognitive and physical activities were associated with a lower probability of CI. No significant association was found between suffering from diabetes or being retired and CI. DISCUSSION: It is essential to conduct follow-up studies on these factors, considering their relationship with CI and the duration of confinement.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículoe12427
PublicaciónAlzheimer's and Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment and Disease Monitoring
Volumen15
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2023

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, John Wiley and Sons Inc. All rights reserved.

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Neurología clínica
  • Psiquiatría y salud mental

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