Efectividad de ejercicios para rehabilitar la disfagia orofaríngea posterior a un accidente cerebrovascular: una revisión integradora

Jorge Sepúlveda-Contreras*, Francisca Jarpa-Muñoz

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículo de revisiónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction. The treatment selection for patients with dysphagia should be based on the best possible quality evidence. This treatment may involve rehabili-tative exercises with the aim of modifying swallowing physiology and promoting long-term changes. Objective. To explore the effects of exercises and maneuvers aimed at reactivating swallowing function in people with oropharyngeal dysphagia after a stroke, through existing scientific publications from the last ten years. Methodology. A literature review was carried out in the PubMed databases with the MeSH terms “Deglutition Disorders” and “Exercise Therapy”, and with the free terms “Dysphagia” and “Swallowing Therapy”, combined with the Boolean inter-section “AND”. Results. The tongue-to-palate resistance training exercises, expiratory muscle strength training (EMST), chin tuck against resistance (CTAR), Shaker, and jaw opening were those that showed, with greater bibliographic support, positive effects in the treatment of dysphagia. Conclusions. The information collected could be of clinical utility to guide the selection of one or another therapeutic procedure. Evidence should continue to be generated regarding the effectiveness of swallowing exercises in oropharyngeal dys-phagia after stroke.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEffectiveness of exercises to rehabilitate oropharyngeal dysphagia after stroke: an integrative review
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)73-91
Número de páginas19
PublicaciónRevista de Investigacion e Innovacion en Ciencias de la Salud
Volumen4
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022. Fundación Universitaria María Cano.

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Profesionales sanitarios (miscelánea)
  • Terapia ocupacional
  • Terapia física, deportiva y rehabilitación
  • Habla y oído
  • Salud pública, medioambiental y laboral

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