Eco-Friendly Synthesis of MgO Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications: Advances, Challenges, and Future Prospects

Natarajan Sisubalan*, Shalini Ramadoss, Muniraj Gnanaraj, Arumugam Vijayan, Karthikeyan Chandrasekaran, Sivamaruthi Bhagavathi Sundaram, Chaiyasut Chaiyavat, Varaprasad Kokkarachedu

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Capítulo del libro/informe/acta de congresoCapítulorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Metal oxide nanoparticles, such as MgO nanoparticles (NPs), possess various beneficial properties like antibacterial, antiviral, antifungal, and antibiofilm effects. However, traditional chemical synthesis methods for producing MgO NPs have two issues: poor biocompatibility and the formation of harmful substances that can harm the environment. To address these concerns, there has been a growing interest in eco-friendly techniques, employing greener chemistry to produce nanoparticles through alternative routes. Four distinct approaches are used by plants, fungi, bacteria, and algae to generate MgO nanoparticles. These methods utilize the metabolites produced by biological materials and their extracts to stabilize and cap the particles, leading to nanoparticle formation. Factors like pH, extraction ratio, and temperature significantly impact the size, stability, shape, and surface area of the resulting MgO nanoparticles. The use of green methods or biomethods to synthesize nanoparticles offers several advantages, such as being eco-friendly and nontoxic to living organisms, making them well-suited for various biological applications. The synthesized MgO nanoparticles have demonstrated promising potential as effective agents against pathogens, particularly in biomedical fields, due to their biocompatibility and eco-friendliness. Their antibacterial properties primarily result from the disruption of cell walls or membranes and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, there remain gaps in our understanding of the long-term toxicity, diffusion, absorption, and excretion mechanisms of these nanoparticles. To further explore their potential uses, additional research is required, either in laboratory settings (in vitro) or within living organisms (in vivo). By genetically modifying plant sources, it becomes feasible to control the configuration, uniformity, and resilience of the nanoparticles. Conducting thorough assessments of the antioxidant potential of biogenic MgO NPs will provide valuable insights into their practical applications. In conclusion, eco-friendly synthesis methods for MgO nanoparticles hold great promise for industrial and biological uses. Their inherent biocompatibility and environmentally friendly nature make them valuable candidates for a wide range of applications, especially in combating pathogens. However, further research is necessary to fully realize their potential benefits and explore their contributions to societal betterment.

Idioma originalInglés
Título de la publicación alojadaNanotechnology in the Life Sciences
EditorialSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Páginas201-226
Número de páginas26
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2024

Serie de la publicación

NombreNanotechnology in the Life Sciences
VolumenPart F2344
ISSN (versión impresa)2523-8027
ISSN (versión digital)2523-8035

Nota bibliográfica

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2024.

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Bioquímica, genética y biología molecular (miscelánea)
  • Ciencias ambientales (miscelánea)
  • Agricultura y biología (miscelánea)

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