Building leaders for the UN Ocean Science Decade: a guide to supporting early career women researchers within academic marine research institutions

R. J. Shellock*, C. Cvitanovic, M. C. McKinnon, M. Mackay, I. E. van Putten, J. Blythe, R. Kelly, P. Tuohy, K. M. Maltby, S. Mynott, N. Simmonds, M. Bailey, A. Begossi, B. Crona, K. A. Fakoya, B. P. Ferreira, A. J.G. Ferrer, K. Frangoudes, J. Gobin, H. C. GohP. Haapasaari, B. D. Hardesty, V. Häussermann, K. Hoareau, A. K. Hornidge, M. Isaacs, M. Kraan, Y. Li, M. Liu, P. F.M. Lopes, M. Mlakar, T. H. Morrison, H. A. Oxenford, G. Pecl, J. Penca, C. Robinson, S. A. Selim, M. Skern-Mauritzen, K. Soejima, D. Soto, A. K. Spalding, A. Vadrot, N. Vaidianu, M. Webber, M. S. Wisz

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

3 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Diverse and inclusive marine research is paramount to addressing ocean sustainability challenges in the 21st century, as envisioned by the UN Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. Despite increasing efforts to diversify ocean science, women continue to face barriers at various stages of their career, which inhibits their progression to leadership within academic institutions. In this perspective, we draw on the collective experiences of thirty-four global women leaders, bolstered by a narrative review, to identify practical strategies and actions that will help empower early career women researchers to become the leaders of tomorrow. We propose five strategies: (i) create a more inclusive culture, (ii) ensure early and equitable career development opportunities for women ECRs, (iii) ensure equitable access to funding for women ECRs, (iv) offer mentoring opportunities and, (v) create flexible, family-friendly environments. Transformational, meaningful, and lasting change will only be achieved through commitment and collaborative action across various scales and by multiple stakeholders.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)56-75
Número de páginas20
PublicaciónICES Journal of Marine Science
Volumen80
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2023
Publicado de forma externa

Nota bibliográfica

Funding Information:
R.J.S is supported by the Centre for the Public Awareness of Science (CPAS) and the ANU Futures scheme. NS is funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) QUADRAT (Queen’s University Belfast & Aberdeen Doctoral Research and Training)—QUADRAT Training Grant Reference: NE/S007377/1. A.B. thanks CNPq productivity scholarships # CNPq (# 301592/2017-9 and CNPq# 304170/2021-6). AV is funded by the European Research Council-ERC (grant agreement No 804599–MARIPOLDATA—ERC-2018-STG). H.C.G was funded by the UKRI GCRF under grant agreement NE/P021107/1 and project reference no. IF052- 2017 in Universiti Malaya. JP is funded by the Slovenian Research Agency (Project code: J5-2562). MB is supported through the Nippon Foundation Ocean Nexus Centre and a Canada First Research Excellence Fund grant through the Ocean Frontier Institute. NV work was supported by a grant of the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitization, CNCS—UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P4-PCE-2021-1450, within PNCDI III. PFML thanks CNPq for a productivity grant (301515/2019-0). SM is funded by the Fisheries and Oceans Canada Multi-Partner Research Initiative.

Funding Information:
R.J.S is supported by the Centre for the Public Awareness of Science (CPAS) and the ANU Futures scheme. NS is funded by the Natural Environment Research Council (NERC) QUADRAT (Queen's University Belfast & Aberdeen Doctoral Research and Training)-QUADRAT Training Grant Reference: NE/S007377/1. A.B. thanks CNPq productivity scholarships # CNPq (# 301592/2017-9 and CNPq# 304170/2021-6). AV is funded by the European Research Council- ERC (grant agreement No 804599-MARIPOLDATA-ERC-2018-STG). H.C.G was funded by the UKRI GCRF under grant agreement NE/P021107/1 and project reference no. IF052-2017 in Universiti Malaya. JP is funded by the Slovenian Research Agency (Project code: J5-2562). MB is supported through the Nippon Foundation Ocean Nexus Centre and a Canada First Research Excellence Fund grant through the Ocean Frontier Institute. NV work was supported by a grant of the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitization, CNCS-UEFISCDI, project number PN-III-P4-PCE-2021-1450, within PNCDI III. PFML thanks CNPq for a productivity grant (301515/2019-0). SM is funded by the Fisheries and Oceans Canada Multi-Partner Research Initiative.

Funding Information:
Funding policies should also better address the needs of women who are ECRs, have diverse career paths and have had career breaks. One participant reflected on the funding process in their country: “…if you apply for funding, you have to submit the papers of the last five years. Well, at least here they say for every child you have you get one year extra where you can submit papers. So they give you this opportunity, which I think is good” (ID30). Various examples exist around the world, but one example is the use of Research Opportunity and Performance Evidence (ROPE) Statements in Australia. ROPE statements been incorporated in Australian funding schemes, including the Australian Research Council (ARC) and Australia’s National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Researchers submit a ROPE statement, which provides additional context for their grant application. ROPE recognizes that not everyone is on a level playing field when it comes to diversity of career and life experience (e.g. due to caring responsibilities, as well as health issues). Hence, ROPE “...enables evaluation of a researcher’s activities, outputs and achievements, in the context of career and life opportunities and experiences, including, where relevant, significant career interruptions” (Australian Research Council, 2022, p2). Funders could also better consider delays to women ECRs (e.g. due to parenthood and caring responsibilities). For example, by extending eligibility windows for women ECRs who have had career breaks and by providing flexible grant deadlines.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.

Áreas temáticas de ASJC Scopus

  • Oceanografía
  • Ecología, evolución, comportamiento y sistemática
  • Ciencias acuáticas
  • Ecología

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